Victorian Timeline: 1830 - 1839

Date Event
1830 Passage of the Indian Removal Act in the US leads to forced deportations.
France invades Algeria and undergoes the July Revolution.
The Belgian Revolution begins.
1831 Bosnians revolt against the Ottoman Empire.
Nat Turner’s slave rebellion erupts.
Battle of Warsaw ends the November Uprising of 1830.
Slave trading is outlawed in Brazil.
1832 Great Reform Act leaves out those who don’t own property or rent annually for at least £10 and women, but reforms voting.
Cholera outbreak reaches the UK for the first time, claiming 6,536 Londoners and 55,000 British citizens; it also strikes France and North America.
Kingdom of Greece is formed, ending their war for independence.
Black Hawk War begins and fuels more Indian removal efforts in the U.S.
June rebellion in France.
Egyptians battle and defeat the Ottomans in Israel and Anatolia.
1833 Britain reclaims the Falkland Islands.
The Factory Act restricted working hours of children.
London Fire-Engine Establishment forms, serving London through some fifteen fire engine stations, with two to three engines apiece.
First Carlist (civil) War erupts in Spain.
1834 Slavery Abolition Act outlaws the practice in the British Empire, with few exceptions, provisions for apprenticeships before slaves were fully released, and compensation for former owners; full emancipation by 1838. Britain had been outlawed and been suppressing the Atlantic slave trade efforts since 1807.
Portugal’s Liberal Wars end.
The Poor Law Amendment Act required able-bodied men to enter workhouses to receive public assistance.
Fire destroys the Palace of Westminster.
The British East India company loses its monopoly on trade with China.
1835 The first assassination attempt against a U.S. president occurs (Jackson).
An earthquake destroys Concepcion, Chile.
The first railroad in continental Europe opens in Belgium.
The Texas Revolution begins with Mexico, eventually leading to the Mexican-American War in the 1840s.
Many buildings in Manhattan are lost to The Great Fire of New York.
1836 The first railway in London opens between the city and Greenwich.
The Alamo is surrounded by the Mexican army and eventually overtaken.
Spain formally recognizes Mexico’s independence.
1837 The financial Panic of 1837 grips the United States; the economy didn’t recover until 1843.
Eighteen year old Victoria succeeds William IV and moves to Buckingham Palace, the first monarch to keep that estate as her home.
Dutch intervention and capture of Bonjol helps end the Padri War.
1838-1841 The Great Western Railway opens in stages.
1838 The first photograph of people is taken in Paris, leading to a demand for portraits by the middle classes and memento mori keepsakes; the fragile, original-only prints are overtaken by the copy-friendly wet collodion process in the 1850s.
The Trail of Tears relocation afflicts Cherokee Indians in the United States, ending forcible relocations of various tribes throughout the decade.
Queen Victoria is coronated.
The Central American Civil War begins and lasts until 1840.

The first electric telegraph line opens between London to West Drayton.
Start of the First Anglo-Afghan War between Britain and Russia (acting through India and Afghanistan), which continues until 1842.
The Newport Rising pitted Chartist sympathizers against British authority; leaders sentenced to be hanged, drawn, and quartered were given transportation for life instead after a nationwide effort.
A cyclone leads to a 40 foot water surge that devastates coastal India.